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Documents  Peau - Maladies | enregistrements trouvés : 29

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OBJECTIVE: To investigate the scales used in the diagnosis of incontinence-associated dermatitis (IAD), including the risk factors included in the scales, their reliability and validity, and in which patient groups the scales have been applied.

DATA SOURCES: The relevant studies were screened retrospectively using five MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) keywords in various combinations. Seven international databases were screened between March and July 2019. In total, 2,908 studies published between 2009 and 2019 were evaluated.

STUDY SELECTION: Inclusion criteria for studies were as follows: written in English, published between 2009 and 2019, and investigated a scale developed to diagnose IAD (quantitative studies, randomized controlled studies, or meta-analyses). Studies were excluded if they did not examine scales for diagnosing IAD or were not in English. Nine studies were included in this review: five studies on scale development, one scale revision, one scale reliability study, and two Turkish validity and reliability studies.

DATA EXTRACTION: The study methods, sample characteristics, interventions, validity and reliability analyses, risk factors in the scales, and subdimensions of the scales were examined for each of the nine included studies.

DATA SYNTHESIS: Study samples were composed of nurses, healthcare professionals, patients, or individuals living in a nursing home and ranged in size from 9 to 823 participants. Most data were collected from hospital-wide clinics. The scales used investigated redness, rash, skin loss, incontinence type, infection symptoms, skin color, edema, patient experience, pain, and perineal care habits. Both validity and reliability of the scales were examined in eight of the studies; in one study, only reliability was examined because the scale validity was shown in previous research. Moreover, sensitivity and specificity were indicated in one study.

CONCLUSIONS: There are several competent scales in the literature with proven validity and reliability that can be used to diagnose IAD.
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the scales used in the diagnosis of incontinence-associated dermatitis (IAD), including the risk factors included in the scales, their reliability and validity, and in which patient groups the scales have been applied.

DATA SOURCES: The relevant studies were screened retrospectively using five MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) keywords in various combinations. Seven international databases were screened between March and ...

Peau - Maladies ; Dermatologie ; SOINS INFIRMIERS

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Abstract: Chronic HIV infection is increasingly common in clinical practice, and it is necessary for clinicians to have an understanding of specific infections and know how to treat them in this patient cohort. Delayed or incomplete treatment of infection in the hand may cause irreversible stiffness and loss of function. A literature review was conducted using the databases MEDLINE, Embase, EmCare, and CINAHL. Nineteen full-text articles were used to assimilate current evidence on the nature and implications of hand and upper extremity infection in HIV individuals. The HIV patients commonly require multiple surgical episodes to establish control of infection, prolonged hospital stay, and prolonged antimicrobial therapy to establish cure. Prompt referral to the hand surgery team is vital in HIV patients with hand infections to avoid long-lasting sequelae.
Abstract: Chronic HIV infection is increasingly common in clinical practice, and it is necessary for clinicians to have an understanding of specific infections and know how to treat them in this patient cohort. Delayed or incomplete treatment of infection in the hand may cause irreversible stiffness and loss of function. A literature review was conducted using the databases MEDLINE, Embase, EmCare, and CINAHL. Nineteen full-text articles were ...

Infections à VIH ; Infection ; Main - Chirurgie ; Peau - Maladies ; Os - Maladies

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- 121 p.

Open Access

La dermatologie est une discipline évolutive à la fois clinique, biologique et technique dans laquelle le praticien doit savoir se guider par l'analyse et le repérage d'une séméiologie souvent foisonnante.

Dermatologie ; Peau - Maladies ; Peau - Maladies - Diagnostic

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Hidradenomas are benign sweat gland tumors that typically present as small nodules in adulthood. Their anatomic distribution is wide and rarely includes acral sites. In this setting, reliable separation from digital papillary adenocarcinoma is important, but notoriously difficult. Hematoxylin and eosin-stained sections of 25 hidradenomas on acral skin were retrieved. The clinical presenting features and morphologic findings were recorded, and follow-up was obtained. Immunohistochemistry was performed for AE1/3, CK5/6, EMA, CEA, SMA, S100, p40, and p63. The tumors presented as solitary nodules on the hands (n=17) and feet (n=8) of adults (age range: 20 to 81 y; median: 50 y), with an equal sex distribution. Histologically, the well-circumscribed tumors were lobular, with a solid and cystic growth within dermis. Duct and squamous differentiation and vascularized hyaline stroma were frequent. The majority (n=18) were poroid hidradenomas. Scattered cytologic atypia and mitotic activity (median: 2/10 HPF) were common, and a pseudoinfiltrative growth of strands in a hyaline to sclerotic matrix was noted in 5 tumors. No papillary structures, atypical mitoses, or tumor necrosis were present. Immunohistochemically, all tumors expressed AE1/3, CK5/6, p40, and p63 strongly and diffusely. Luminal differentiation was highlighted by epithelial membrane antigen and carcinoembryonic antigen staining. S100 and SMA staining was absent. Follow-up (1 to 288 mo; median: 61 mo), available for 20 patients, showed no local recurrences and no disease-related mortality. Acral hidradenomas and digital papillary adenocarcinomas share a well-circumscribed dermal growth pattern containing solid, cystic, and tubular areas with mitotic activity and at least focal cytologic atypia. Lack of papillary structures and the diffuse positivity for p40 and p63 in the absence of S100 and SMA expression are helpful features in favor of acral hidradenoma.
Hidradenomas are benign sweat gland tumors that typically present as small nodules in adulthood. Their anatomic distribution is wide and rarely includes acral sites. In this setting, reliable separation from digital papillary adenocarcinoma is important, but notoriously difficult. Hematoxylin and eosin-stained sections of 25 hidradenomas on acral skin were retrieved. The clinical presenting features and morphologic findings were recorded, and ...

Peau - Maladies ; Immunocytochimie

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Cutaneous Melanoma Pietkiewicz, Paweł | IntechOpen 2020 H

Livre numérique

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- 413 p.
Cote : WR100 D934m 2018

Peau - Soins et hygiène ; Peau - Maladies ; Dermatologie

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- xxviii, 923 p.
Cote : WR140 T784 2018

Peau - Maladies ; Peau - Maladies - Traitement ; Dermatologie

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Cote : WR 105 M992p 2015

Comprend des références bibliographiques et un index

Peau - Maladies

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Cote : WR 220 M716d 2014

Comprend des références bibliographiques et un index

Dermatologie ; Peau - Maladies ; Maladies infectieuses

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- 220 p.
Cote : WR190 D286u.F

Peau - Maladies

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Cote : WR 260 D614s 2009

Bibliographie - Index

Sclérodermie ; Peau - Maladies

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- xxxvii, 1114 p.
Cote : WR17 F559c 2009

Dermatologie - Atlas ; Peau - Maladies

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