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Documents  Résilience | enregistrements trouvés : 8

     

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The definitions and features of resilience, the process and outcome of successfully responding to adversity, are variable across the disability and rehabilitation literatures, and its influence on aphasia treatment and outcomes is as of yet unknown. This scoping review identified and thematically categorized characterizations and descriptions of resilience and the similarly used terms adaptation, adjustment, and coping in the aphasia research literature. Frequently noted features of resilience included internal/cognitive emotional responses, such as positive self-concept, attitude/outlook, and psychological function, as well as external/behavioral responses, such as engaging in new activities and opportunities for social connection. These general features align with a definition of resilience recently developed for individuals with chronic impairment. And, although little information about the influence of resilience on treatment engagement and outcomes emerged from the reviewed literature, a number of clinical considerations and research directions are suggested.
The definitions and features of resilience, the process and outcome of successfully responding to adversity, are variable across the disability and rehabilitation literatures, and its influence on aphasia treatment and outcomes is as of yet unknown. This scoping review identified and thematically categorized characterizations and descriptions of resilience and the similarly used terms adaptation, adjustment, and coping in the aphasia research ...

Adaptation (Psychologie) ; Ajustement (Psychologie) ; Aphasie ; Résilience

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Background: Cancer is a life crisis that can have devastating consequences not only on the affected individual but also on his/her caregivers.

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of psychological resilience and metacognitions of cancer survivors and their family caregivers (FCs) on fear of recurrence (FoR).

Methods: This study used a cross-sectional design while adhering to the STROBE (Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology) guidelines. Data were collected from 112 cancer survivors and 112 FCs recruited from 5 oncology hospitals.

Results: The cancer survivors and caregivers reported low levels of psychological resilience, which we found to be correlated with great fear of recurrence in cancer survivors and FCs. It was also in relation with metacognitions in cancer survivors and FCs.

The findings showed that psychological resilience negatively predicted the fear of recurrence, whereas the metacognitions positively predicted the fear of recurrence in cancer survivors and FCs. The total effects of psychological resilience on the FoR in cancer survivors and FCs were 0.920 (confidence interval [CI], -2.059 to 0.072) and 0.061 (CI, -0.475 to 0.474), respectively. The total effects of metacognition on the FoR in cancer survivors and FCs were 1.164 (CI, 0.217-2.371) and 0.486 (CI, 0.016-1.058), respectively.

Conclusions: The findings underline the direct and indirect mediating role of psychological resilience and metacognition of cancer survivors and FCs on FoR.

Implication for Practice: The findings are particularly important to oncology nurses, who as 24-hour care providers are important sources of psychosocial care. Their awareness of factors influencing FoR is critical for achieving positive outcomes.
Background: Cancer is a life crisis that can have devastating consequences not only on the affected individual but also on his/her caregivers.

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of psychological resilience and metacognitions of cancer survivors and their family caregivers (FCs) on fear of recurrence (FoR).

Methods: This study used a cross-sectional design while adhering to the STROBE (Strengthening the Reporting ...

Cancer ; Aidants naturels ; Peur ; Résilience

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The COVID-19 pandemic has caused a significant increase in stress for frontline healthcare workers, including rehabilitation workers. Contributing factors include disrupted workflows, heavier workloads, increased time restraints, and fear of contracting/passing the virus. Prolonged high stress levels can produce adverse health outcomes when unaddressed. Resilience can mitigate the negative effects of prolonged stress. Four healthcare workers relate their experiences from the frontlines of the pandemic, discussing their strategies to build resilience and maintain health. Highlighted strategies include mindfulness (the purposeful act of paying attention to the present moment without judgment), gratitude (the practice of being grateful for the positive things in life), self-care (the maintenance of a healthy lifestyle using physical, psychological, and emotional tools), and social support (the sense of belonging that comes from being cared for and valued). These strategies reduce negative outcomes produced by elevated stress levels and promote resilience in frontline healthcare workers.
The COVID-19 pandemic has caused a significant increase in stress for frontline healthcare workers, including rehabilitation workers. Contributing factors include disrupted workflows, heavier workloads, increased time restraints, and fear of contracting/passing the virus. Prolonged high stress levels can produce adverse health outcomes when unaddressed. Resilience can mitigate the negative effects of prolonged stress. Four healthcare workers ...

Stress ; Résilience ; COVID-19 ; Pandémies ; Coronavirus

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Objectives: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are related to the development of a range of mental health problems and risky behaviors. Generally, adolescents who experienced a greater number of ACEs have been found to be at increased risk of substance use behaviors. This study investigated the association between ACEs and substance use (i.e., cigarette smoking, binge drinking, and cannabis use) as mediated by perceptions of harm and perceived peer and parental attitudes towards each substance.

Methods: A survey was completed by 6,304 students aged 12 to 18 (M = 14.75, SD = 1.76) in Wood County, Ohio, assessing ACEs, substance use behaviors, perceptions of harm and perceived peer and parental attitudes towards each substance. Mediation models controlling for age and gender were conducted for each substance use behavior including perceptions of harm and perceived peer and parental attitudes specific to each substance.

Results: Controlling for age and gender, perceptions of harm and peer attitudes towards binge drinking partially mediated the relationship between ACEs and past month binge-drinking. For past month cannabis and cigarette smoking, peer and parental attitudes, but not perceptions of harm, partially mediated the relationship between ACEs and past month engagement in these substances.

Implications: Greater perceptions of harm and negative attitudes by parents or peers may be protective against substance use behaviors among youth that have experienced ACEs. Early interventions focusing on increasing perceptions of harm along with promoting negative parental and peer attitudes towards substance use could decrease rates of use among those who experienced ACEs.
Objectives: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are related to the development of a range of mental health problems and risky behaviors. Generally, adolescents who experienced a greater number of ACEs have been found to be at increased risk of substance use behaviors. This study investigated the association between ACEs and substance use (i.e., cigarette smoking, binge drinking, and cannabis use) as mediated by perceptions of harm and perceived ...

Résilience ; Adolescents ; ENFANTS

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Open Access

The COVID-19 pandemic has had adverse effects on many people’s mental and physical health. As such, this book explores research, theories, biopsychosocial perspectives, and intercultural studies about the pandemic with the ultimate goal to promote better quality of life, resilience, and psychological wellbeing of the general population during this period.

Pandémies ; Résilience ; Anxiété ; Bien-être ; Anthropologie ; PSYCHOLOGIE

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Evidence from disease epidemics shows that healthcare workers are at risk of developing short‐ and long‐term mental health problems. The World Health Organization (WHO) has warned about the potential negative impact of the COVID‐19 crisis on the mental well‐being of health and social care professionals. Symptoms of mental health problems commonly include depression, anxiety, stress, and additional cognitive and social problems; these can impact on function in the workplace. The mental health and resilience (ability to cope with the negative effects of stress) of frontline health and social care professionals ('frontline workers' in this review) could be supported during disease epidemics by workplace interventions, interventions to support basic daily needs, psychological support interventions, pharmacological interventions, or a combination of any or all of these.
Evidence from disease epidemics shows that healthcare workers are at risk of developing short‐ and long‐term mental health problems. The World Health Organization (WHO) has warned about the potential negative impact of the COVID‐19 crisis on the mental well‐being of health and social care professionals. Symptoms of mental health problems commonly include depression, anxiety, stress, and additional cognitive and social problems; these can impact ...

Résilience ; Coronavirus ; Bien-être

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- 123 p.
Cote : BF637.C4 J69p.F 2020

Changement (Psychologie) ; Résilience

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- 136 p.
Cote : BD431 L571v 2020

Il a suffi d'un virus lointain pour que le cours de nos vies soit bouleversé. ''Vivre, ce n'est pas attendre que l'orage passe, c'est apprendre à danser sous la pluie'', disaient les Anciens. Je suis convaincu que plus rien ne sera comme avant et qu'il nous faut apprendre à développer nos ressources intérieures pour vivre le mieux possible dans un monde imprévisible. (F.L.)

Pour traverser ces temps difficiles, cet ouvrage optimiste nous invite à revenir à l'essentiel, à entretenir la joie et la sérénité malgré l'adversité. Frédéric Lenoir montre comment les grands philosophes du passé, mais aussi les neurosciences et la psychologie des profondeurs, peuvent nous y aider, et pourquoi cette crise est une occasion de changer notre regard, nos comportements, de devenir davantage nous-mêmes, de mieux nous relier aux autres et au monde.
Il a suffi d'un virus lointain pour que le cours de nos vies soit bouleversé. ''Vivre, ce n'est pas attendre que l'orage passe, c'est apprendre à danser sous la pluie'', disaient les Anciens. Je suis convaincu que plus rien ne sera comme avant et qu'il nous faut apprendre à développer nos ressources intérieures pour vivre le mieux possible dans un monde imprévisible. (F.L.)

Pour traverser ces temps difficiles, cet ouvrage optimiste nous invite ...

Vie - Philosophie ; Sagesse ; Bonheur ; Tranquillité d'esprit ; Spiritualité ; Résilience

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