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Documents  Déficience physique | enregistrements trouvés : 8

     

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Impaired mobility is the most common form of functional disability in the US, affecting one out of every sixteen working-age adults. Little is known about the barriers to and facilitators of healthy eating among people with impaired mobility (PWIM), who are at increased risk for diet-related chronic disease. The pathways by which impaired mobility influence dietary intake are unclear, yet likely involve a complex interplay between structural determinants of health and individual factors. To help advance nutrition equity initiatives for PWIM, this systematic review aimed to qualitatively synthesize factors associated with dietary intake across four levels of ecologic influence. An interprofessional team devised a comprehensive search strategy to identify these factors among working-age (18–64 years) PWIM. We queried Ovid MEDLINE, Web of Science, Scopus, and Embase via Ovid for articles published between January 1, 1990 and April 25, 2021. Twelve studies met our review criteria. We classified factors within one of four ecologic levels of influence: individual, social, environmental, and policy/program. Most studies disproportionately reported on personal level factors of influence, with less information on other levels of influence. This systematic review is an important first step for informing the design of evidence-based strategies to support healthy eating among PWIM. However, it also reveals a wide chasm in the needed information to adequately bridge structural determinants of this nutrition divide. More studies are needed that include rigorous measures of dietary intake and that aim to elicit how social, environmental, and policy-level factors contribute to dietary disparities among PWIM.
Impaired mobility is the most common form of functional disability in the US, affecting one out of every sixteen working-age adults. Little is known about the barriers to and facilitators of healthy eating among people with impaired mobility (PWIM), who are at increased risk for diet-related chronic disease. The pathways by which impaired mobility influence dietary intake are unclear, yet likely involve a complex interplay between structural ...

Nutrition ; Déficience physique ; Diététique

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- 26 p.

Prejudice and discrimination against people with disabilities can be masked through seemingly benign expressions such as communications of pity and provision of unwanted help. Such forms of paternalism have been theorized to arise in response to social conditions that fail to highlight people’s competencies. Following this logic, the present study assessed how the accessibility of an environment shapes perceptions of competence of, and feelings of pity toward, people with disabilities. Undergraduate students (N= 111) read vignettes that described a person with one of three disabilities (related to mobility, sight or hearing) in either an accessible or an inaccessible environment and subsequently reported their perceptions of, and reactions to, the target person. In support of the hypothesis, non-disabled people viewed people with disabilities more positively in an accessible compared to an inaccessible environment. Specifically, they perceived disabled people as more competent and warm, and pitied them less, compared to in inaccessible or neutral (control) environments. The more positive responses to the disabled targets in accessible environments compared to inaccessible environments was largely consistent across disability types, although the deaf target was uniquely viewed as equally positive in the neutral (control) environment and the accessible one. These findings indicate that provision of appropriately accessible environments can be a tool of prejudice reduction.
Prejudice and discrimination against people with disabilities can be masked through seemingly benign expressions such as communications of pity and provision of unwanted help. Such forms of paternalism have been theorized to arise in response to social conditions that fail to highlight people’s competencies. Following this logic, the present study assessed how the accessibility of an environment shapes perceptions of competence of, and feelings ...

Discrimination ; Déficience intellectuelle ; Déficience physique

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- 29 p.

Because of recent medical advances and increasing advocacy for the rights of people with disabilities, more and more people with disabilities are becoming parents. Parenthood is considered a fundamental right by the United Nations, and appropriate perinatal services are an important promoting factor for positive parenting experience and practices. Despite this, access to parenthood and access to services is still hindered for parents and future parents with disabilities. This scoping review, based on eighteen (n=18) studies, provides a unique insight into the relationship between parents with physical disabilities and perinatal services.Results suggest that four main determinants influence this relationship: mothers’ needs, professionals’ characteristics, quality of relationship with professionals, and organization of services. Issues related to accessing information and the services themselves were also identified. Finally, a framework for accessibility is presented to better understand how to improve access to appropriate services for parents with physical disabilities.
Because of recent medical advances and increasing advocacy for the rights of people with disabilities, more and more people with disabilities are becoming parents. Parenthood is considered a fundamental right by the United Nations, and appropriate perinatal services are an important promoting factor for positive parenting experience and practices. Despite this, access to parenthood and access to services is still hindered for parents and future ...

RELATIONS HUMAINES ; Déficience physique ; Périnatalité

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- 24 p.

Open Access

Le parrainage civique consiste à jumeler un bénévole avec une personne marginalisée par ses incapacités permanentes. À noter que ce bénévole n’agit pas à titre de professionnel. Le jumelage est avant tout une relation de personne à personne, égalitaire et basée sur la réciprocité favorisant le développement relationnel en vue d’une meilleure intégration sociale et d’une participation citoyenne et peut également donner du répit aux familles.
Open Access

Le parrainage civique consiste à jumeler un bénévole avec une personne marginalisée par ses incapacités permanentes. À noter que ce bénévole n’agit pas à titre de professionnel. Le jumelage est avant tout une relation de personne à personne, égalitaire et basée sur la réciprocité favorisant le développement relationnel en vue d’une meilleure intégration sociale et d’une participation citoyenne et peut également donner du répit aux ...

Services de santé mentale - Québec (Province) ; Services de santé mentale ; Santé mentale ; Déficience physique ; Déficience intellectuelle

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- 348 p.
Cote : HV3011 P131s 2020

La stimulation basale est une approche humaniste développée par Andreas Fröhlich en Allemagne dans les années 1970. Elle s'appuie sur des fondements théoriques neuro-développementaux, psychologiques, corporels et sensoriels qui permettent de mieux comprendre les personnes en situation de handicap grave et favorisent un accompagnement centré sur les besoins et les ressources de celles-ci et de leurs proches. À partir de son expérience de praticienne et de formatrice, Concerta Pagano en présente les aspects théorique, pratique et éthique, de sa conception à aujourd'hui, illustrés par des témoignages de parents d'enfants polyhandicapés et de professionnels.

La stimulation basale incite les accompagnants à une véritable réflexion introspective autour de la notion de savoir-être pour questionner le savoir-faire. En effet, cette approche bouscule les certitudes, invite à l'humilité, à la créativité, à sortir des sentiers « balisés ».

Ses apports sont particulièrement utiles dans les institutions médico-sociales qui accueillent des personnes en situation de handicap sévère (du nouveau-né à la personne âgée) ainsi que les hôpitaux (réanimation et soins palliatifs).
La stimulation basale est une approche humaniste développée par Andreas Fröhlich en Allemagne dans les années 1970. Elle s'appuie sur des fondements théoriques neuro-développementaux, psychologiques, corporels et sensoriels qui permettent de mieux comprendre les personnes en situation de handicap grave et favorisent un accompagnement centré sur les besoins et les ressources de celles-ci et de leurs proches. À partir de son expérience de ...

Polyhandicapés ; Polyhandicapés - Soins ; Relations personnel médical-patient ; Stimulation sensorielle chez l'enfant ; Stimulation sensorielle ; Déficience physique ; Apprentissage perceptif

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Cote : BF176 A2215 2015

The Adaptative Behavior Assessment System, Third Edition (ABAS-3), provides a comprehensive picture of adaptative skills across the life span. This edition retains all of the essential features that made its predecessor the preferred instrument for assessing adaptative behavior. Featuring new norms and updated item content, the third edition is even easier to use. The ABAS-3 identifies strengths and weaknesses and offers and integrated approach to assessment, intervention planning, and progress monitoring. It is particularly useful for evaluating those with developmental delays, autism spectrum disorder, intellectual disability, learning disabilities, neuropsychological disorders, and sensory or physical impairments.
The Adaptative Behavior Assessment System, Third Edition (ABAS-3), provides a comprehensive picture of adaptative skills across the life span. This edition retains all of the essential features that made its predecessor the preferred instrument for assessing adaptative behavior. Featuring new norms and updated item content, the third edition is even easier to use. The ABAS-3 identifies strengths and weaknesses and offers and integrated approach ...

Instrument de mesure - Adaptation sociale ; Instrument de mesure ; PARENTS ; Adaptation sociale ; TESTS PSYCHOLOGIQUES ; Première enfance ; Psychologie sociale ; Déficience intellectuelle ; Troubles du spectre de l'autisme ; Autisme ; Troubles de l'apprentissage ; Tests neuropsychologiques ; Sens et sensations ; Déficience physique

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