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Documents  Troubles de l'audition chez la personne âgée | enregistrements trouvés : 2

     

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Objectives: In this study, we sought to evaluate whether older patients with hearing loss who underwent surgery were at greater risk of postsurgical complications, increased inpatient length-of-stay (LOS), and hospital readmission.

Design: This was a retrospective cohort study of patients receiving surgery at a tertiary medical center. Utilizing electronic health record data from two merged datasets, we identified patients 65 years and older, undergoing major surgery between January 1, 2014 and January 31, 2017, and who had audiometric evaluation before surgery. Patients were classified as having either normal hearing or hearing loss based on pure-tone average in the better ear. A Generalized Estimating Equations approach was used to fit multivariable regression models for outcome variables of interest.

Results: Of patients >=65 years undergoing major surgery in our time frame, a total of 742 surgical procedures were performed on 621 patients with available audiometric data. After adjusting for age, sex, race, and comorbidities, hearing loss was associated with an increase in the odds of developing postoperative complications. Every 10 dB increase in hearing loss was associated with a 14% increase in the odds of developing a postoperative complication (odds ratio = 1.14, 95% confidence interval = 1.01-1.29, p = 0.031). Hearing loss was not significantly associated with increased hospital LOS, 30-day readmission, or 90-day readmission.

Conclusions: Hearing loss was significantly associated with developing postoperative complications in older adults undergoing major surgery. Screening for hearing impairment may be a useful addition to the preoperative assessment and perioperative management of older patients undergoing surgery.
Objectives: In this study, we sought to evaluate whether older patients with hearing loss who underwent surgery were at greater risk of postsurgical complications, increased inpatient length-of-stay (LOS), and hospital readmission.

Design: This was a retrospective cohort study of patients receiving surgery at a tertiary medical center. Utilizing electronic health record data from two merged datasets, we identified patients 65 years and older, ...

Troubles de l'audition chez la personne âgée ; Chirurgie

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This study was designed to examine age effects on various auditory perceptual skills using a large group of listeners (155 adults, 121 aged 60–88 years and 34 aged 18–30 years), while controlling for the factors of hearing loss and working memory (WM). All subjects completed 3 measures of WM, 7 psychoacoustic tasks (24 conditions) and a hearing assessment. Psychophysical measures were selected to tap phenomena thought to be mediated by higher-level auditory function and included modulation detection, modulation detection interference, informational masking (IM), masking level difference (MLD), anisochrony detection, harmonic mistuning, and stream segregation. Principal-components analysis (PCA) was applied to each psychoacoustic test. For 6 of the 7 tasks, a single component represented performance across the multiple stimulus conditions well, whereas the modulation-detection interference (MDI) task required two components to do so. The effect of age was analyzed using a general linear model applied to each psychoacoustic component. Once hearing loss and WM were accounted for as covariates in the analyses, estimated marginal mean thresholds were lower for older adults on tasks based on temporal processing. When evaluated separately, hearing loss led to poorer performance on roughly 1/2 the tasks and declines in WM accounted for poorer performance on 6 of the 8 psychoacoustic components. These results make clear the need to interpret age-group differences in performance on psychoacoustic tasks in light of cognitive declines commonly associated with aging, and point to hearing loss and cognitive declines as negatively influencing auditory perceptual skills.
This study was designed to examine age effects on various auditory perceptual skills using a large group of listeners (155 adults, 121 aged 60–88 years and 34 aged 18–30 years), while controlling for the factors of hearing loss and working memory (WM). All subjects completed 3 measures of WM, 7 psychoacoustic tasks (24 conditions) and a hearing assessment. Psychophysical measures were selected to tap phenomena thought to be mediated by ...

Cognition ; Perception ; Troubles de l'audition chez la personne âgée ; Organes des sens - Vieillissement ; Mémoire

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