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Documents  Diététique | enregistrements trouvés : 14

     

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Impaired mobility is the most common form of functional disability in the US, affecting one out of every sixteen working-age adults. Little is known about the barriers to and facilitators of healthy eating among people with impaired mobility (PWIM), who are at increased risk for diet-related chronic disease. The pathways by which impaired mobility influence dietary intake are unclear, yet likely involve a complex interplay between structural determinants of health and individual factors. To help advance nutrition equity initiatives for PWIM, this systematic review aimed to qualitatively synthesize factors associated with dietary intake across four levels of ecologic influence. An interprofessional team devised a comprehensive search strategy to identify these factors among working-age (18–64 years) PWIM. We queried Ovid MEDLINE, Web of Science, Scopus, and Embase via Ovid for articles published between January 1, 1990 and April 25, 2021. Twelve studies met our review criteria. We classified factors within one of four ecologic levels of influence: individual, social, environmental, and policy/program. Most studies disproportionately reported on personal level factors of influence, with less information on other levels of influence. This systematic review is an important first step for informing the design of evidence-based strategies to support healthy eating among PWIM. However, it also reveals a wide chasm in the needed information to adequately bridge structural determinants of this nutrition divide. More studies are needed that include rigorous measures of dietary intake and that aim to elicit how social, environmental, and policy-level factors contribute to dietary disparities among PWIM.
Impaired mobility is the most common form of functional disability in the US, affecting one out of every sixteen working-age adults. Little is known about the barriers to and facilitators of healthy eating among people with impaired mobility (PWIM), who are at increased risk for diet-related chronic disease. The pathways by which impaired mobility influence dietary intake are unclear, yet likely involve a complex interplay between structural ...

Nutrition ; Déficience physique ; Diététique

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- 799 p.
Cote : QS4 D333p 2020

Sous titre sur la page couverture : BTS Diététique conforme au référentiel 2019; DUT Génie biologique option diététique ; IFSI. Comprendre les mécanismes physiopathologiques des maladies; En déduire la pertinence d'un diagnostic; Mesurer l'intérêt d'une démarche de soins adaptée

Physiopathologie ; Physiologie humaine ; Pathologie ; Diététique ; Anatomie pathologique - Atlas ; Diagnostics cliniques ; Nutriments ; Biochimie clinique ; Signes et symptômes ; Anatomopathologie ; Thérapeutique

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- 283 p.
Cote : WA108 S162v 2019

Des conseils et des recommandations pour préserver sa santé. Le cardiologue aborde notamment l'hygiène corporelle, les bonnes pratiques à adopter au quotidien, l'alimentation, la puissance du corps comme celle de l'esprit, le sommeil, la sexualité ou encore la culture du bonheur.

SANTÉ ; Diététique ; Hygiène ; Sexualité ; Médecine préventive ; Promotion de la santé ; Habitudes sanitaires

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- 227 p.
Cote : QU145 N976 2019

Sous titre sur la page de couverture : réussir ses ECNi. Le cours officiel + entraînements types corrigés

Nutrition ; Alimentation ; Diététique ; Diétothérapie

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Obesity paradox in cardiovascular disease: Where do we stand? | 2019 H

Article (Nutrition clinique)

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Abstract: Obesity is associated with an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease
(CVD), particularly heart failure (HF) and coronary heart disease (CHD). The mechanisms
through which obesity increases CVD risk involve changes in body composition that can
affect hemodynamics and alters heart structure. Pro-inflammatory cytokines produced by the
adipose tissue itself which can induce cardiac dysfunction and can promote the formation of
atherosclerotic plaques. When obesity and HF or CHD coexist, individuals with class
I obesity present a more favorable prognosis compared to individuals who are normal or
underweight. This phenomenon has been termed the “obesity paradox.” Obesity is defined as
an excess fat mass (FM), but individuals with obesity typically also present with an increased
amount of lean mass (LM). The increase in LM may explain part of the obesity paradox as it
is associated with improved cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), a major determinant of clinical
outcomes in the general population, but particularly in those with CVD, including HF. While
increased LM is a stronger prognosticator in HF compared to FM, in patients with CHD
excess FM can exert protective effects particularly when not associated with increased
systemic inflammation. In the present review, we discuss the mechanisms through which
obesity may increase the risk for CVD, and how it may exert protective effects in the setting
of established CVD, with a focus on body composition. We also highlight the importance of
measuring or estimating CRF, including body composition-adjusted measures of CRF (ie,
lean peak oxygen consumption) for an improved risk status stratification in patients with
CVD and finally, we discuss the potential non-pharmacologic therapeutics, such as exercise
training and dietary interventions, aimed at improving CRF and perhaps clinical outcomes.
Abstract: Obesity is associated with an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease
(CVD), particularly heart failure (HF) and coronary heart disease (CHD). The mechanisms
through which obesity increases CVD risk involve changes in body composition that can
affect hemodynamics and alters heart structure. Pro-inflammatory cytokines produced by the
adipose tissue itself which can induce cardiac dysfunction and can promote the formation ...

Obésité ; Appareil cardiovasculaire - Maladies ; Diététique

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- ix, 562 p.
Cote : WB400 D845n 2018

Nutrition ; Diététique ; SOINS INFIRMIERS

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- xvi, 404 p.
Cote : WB400 G135n 1994

Diétothérapie ; Diététique

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