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Documents  Immunologie | enregistrements trouvés : 23

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Mixed neuroendocrine/non-neuroendocrine neoplasms (MiNEN) are rare mixed epithelial neoplasms in which a neuroendocrine component is combined with a non-neuroendocrine component. Here, we provide the clinical, pathologic, and molecular report of a 73-year-old-man presenting with an intestinal MiNEN. The lesion was composed of a well-differentiated G3 neuroendocrine tumor and a colloid adenocarcinoma. The molecular characterization was performed using a multigene next-generation sequencing panel. The neoplasm displayed microsatellite instability due to MLH1 promoter methylation. The extended molecular profile documented the same mutations affecting ARID1A, ASXL1, BLM, and RNF43 genes in both components, indicating a monoclonal origin of the tumor. Regarding component-specific gene mutations, BRCA2 was specifically altered in the neuroendocrine area. It may represent a new actionable target for precision oncology in MiNEN, but the lack of its alteration in the colloid component calls for further considerations on intratumor heterogeneity. The most important finding with potential immediate implications regards the presence of microsatellite instability: it indicates that this molecular alteration should become part of the diagnostic algorithm for these rare neoplasms.
Mixed neuroendocrine/non-neuroendocrine neoplasms (MiNEN) are rare mixed epithelial neoplasms in which a neuroendocrine component is combined with a non-neuroendocrine component. Here, we provide the clinical, pathologic, and molecular report of a 73-year-old-man presenting with an intestinal MiNEN. The lesion was composed of a well-differentiated G3 neuroendocrine tumor and a colloid adenocarcinoma. The molecular characterization was performed ...

Immunologie

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The assessment of immune infiltrate in invasive breast carcinomas (IBCs), most commonly referred to as tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs), is gaining importance in the current quest for optimal biomarker selection and prediction of prognosis. In this study, the impact of intensity of TILs and expressions of cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 (CTLA-4), programmed cell death-1 (PD-1), and lymphocyte activation gene 3 (LAG-3) in a group of breast carcinomas with regards to the prognosis and conventional pathologic parameters was scrutinized. For this purpose, 238 patients with IBCs containing different proportions of TILs were included in the study. IBCs with higher proportion of TILs were usually grade III carcinomas and correlated with poor prognostic features like receptor negativity, nonluminal intrinsic subtype (P<0.001). Similarly, PD-1 and LAG-3 positivity in immune cells (IC) were more likely to be positive in grade III IBC cases (P=0.004). In addition, PD-1 positivity in IC was more frequent in estrogen receptor-negative tumors (P=0.011) whereas LAG-3 positivity increased in large sized, estrogen receptor and progesterone receptor-negative tumors (P=0.050, 0.023, 0.04, respectively). CTLA-4 positivity in IC was more frequent in large-sized tumors (P=0.040). These 3 markers were also significantly associated with one another and also with the amount of TILs. In survival analysis, cases with prominent-TILs especially displaying CTLA-4, PD-1, and LAG-3 positivity appeared to have longer disease-free and overall survival (CTLA-4: P=0.027, P=0.024; PD-1: P=0.030, P=0.026; LAG-3: P=0.006, P=0.012, respectively). We conclude that the high proportion of TILs and as well as high expression of CTLA-4, PD-1, and LAG-3 in TILs have positively contributed to the outcome despite their correlation with poor conventional pathologic features. We suggest that these 3 immune markers can be used for the determination of proper treatment as well as prediction of prognosis in IBCs with TILs.
The assessment of immune infiltrate in invasive breast carcinomas (IBCs), most commonly referred to as tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs), is gaining importance in the current quest for optimal biomarker selection and prediction of prognosis. In this study, the impact of intensity of TILs and expressions of cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 (CTLA-4), programmed cell death-1 (PD-1), and lymphocyte activation gene 3 (LAG-3) in a group ...

Sein - Cancer ; Immunologie

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Immunological Biomarkers in Blood to Monitor the Course and Therapeutic Outcomes of COVID-19 | Février 2022 H

Article (Pharmacologie et laboratoires)

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Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has posed a great challenge to the medical community because little is known about its clinical course, therapeutic options, and laboratory monitoring tools for diagnosis, prognosis, and surveillance. This review focuses on immune biomarkers that can be measured in peripheral blood in a clinical laboratory under routine conditions to monitor the innate immune system response in the acute phase, as well as the adaptive immune response established both after infection and vaccination.

Methods: A PubMed search was performed covering January 2020 to June 2021 to extract biomarkers suitable for monitoring the immune response and outcome of COVID-19 and therapeutic interventions, including vaccination.

Results: To monitor the innate immune response, cytokines such as interleukin-6 or acute phase reactants such as C-reactive protein or procalcitonin can be measured on autoanalyzers complemented by automated white blood cell differential counts. The adaptive immune response can be followed by commercially available enzyme-linked immune spot assays to assess the specific activation of T cells or by monitoring immunoglobulin A (IgA), IgM, and IgG antibodies in serum to follow B-cell activation. As antigens of the SARS-CoV-2 virus, spike and nucleocapsid proteins are particularly suitable and allow differentiation between the immune response after infection or vaccination.

Conclusions: Routine immune monitoring of COVID-19 is feasible in clinical laboratories with commercially available instruments and reagents. Strategies such as whether biomarkers reflecting the response of the innate and adaptive immune system can be used to make predictions and assist in individualizing therapeutic interventions or vaccination strategies need to be determined in appropriate clinical trials. Promising preliminary data are already available based on single-center reports and completed or ongoing vaccination trials.
Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has posed a great challenge to the medical community because little is known about its clinical course, therapeutic options, and laboratory monitoring tools for diagnosis, prognosis, and surveillance. This review focuses on immune biomarkers that can be measured in peripheral blood in a clinical laboratory under routine conditions to monitor the innate immune system response in the acute phase, as well as the ...

Immunologie ; COVID-19

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The pandemic outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is rapidly spreading all over the world. Reports from China showed that about 20% of patients developed severe disease, resulting in a fatality of 4%. In the past two months, we clinical immunologists participated in multi-rounds of MDT (multidiscipline team) discussion on the anti-inflammation management of critical COVID-19 patients, with our colleagues dispatched from Chinese leading PUMC Hospital to Wuhan to admit and treat the most severe patients. Here, from the perspective of clinical immunologists, we will discuss the clinical and immunological characteristics of severe patients, and summarize the current evidence and share our experience in anti-inflammation treatment, including glucocorticoids, IL-6 antagonist, JAK inhibitors and choloroquine/hydrocholoroquine, of patients with severe COVID-19 that may have an impaired immune system.
The pandemic outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is rapidly spreading all over the world. Reports from China showed that about 20% of patients developed severe disease, resulting in a fatality of 4%. In the past two months, we clinical immunologists participated in multi-rounds of MDT (multidiscipline team) discussion on the anti-inflammation management of critical COVID-19 patients, with our colleagues dispatched from Chinese ...

Anti-inflammatoires ; Coronavirus ; Immunologie

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In metastatic breast cancer (MBC), expression of estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2) guides treatment selection. In case of bone-only metastatic disease, ER, PR, and HER2 status assessment may be hampered by decalcification. We aimed to determine the optimal decalcification method, and to study discordance of receptor expression between paired primary breast tumors and optimally decalcified bone metastases. First, decalcification was simulated using acetic acid, hydrochloric/formic acid, and EDTA on 12 primary breast carcinomas. ER, PR, and HER2 immunohistochemistry (IHC) and HER2 in situ hybridization (ISH) were assessed, before and after the 3 decalcification methods. EDTA was considered the optimal method, as it did not affect IHC and as ISH failed in only 1/16 cases. Hydrochloric/formic acid altered ER and PR results, and, with acetic acid and hydrochloric/formic acid, ISH failed in, respectively, 94% and 100%. Second, ER, PR, and HER2 IHC was performed in paired primary tumors and EDTA-decalcified bone metastases obtained from patients with first presentation of MBC. Clinically relevant discordance was defined as changed receptor status with treatment implications. Paired samples of 77 patients, participating in the IMPACT-MBC trial, were evaluable. Hormonal receptor expression change was clinically relevant in 6 patients (7.9%) and HER2 expression change in 1 patient (1.3%). This study shows that EDTA decalcification minimally affects receptor expression results. The incidence of clinically relevant discordance between the primary tumor and bone metastases is low. These findings support that bone biopsies can reliably be used to assess receptor status.
In metastatic breast cancer (MBC), expression of estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2) guides treatment selection. In case of bone-only metastatic disease, ER, PR, and HER2 status assessment may be hampered by decalcification. We aimed to determine the optimal decalcification method, and to study discordance of receptor expression between paired primary breast tumors and optimally ...

Sein - Cancer ; Immunologie

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Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have revolutionized oncology, but are associated with immune-related adverse events. Clinically, pneumonitis is a well-recognized complication, but its histopathologic features are poorly understood. Institutional archives were searched for patients having ICI therapy and subsequent lung tissue sampling. After excluding infectious cases, 9 patients (5 women, median: 59 y) were identified with clinically suspected ICI-related pneumonitis. Clinical history, imaging, and pathology slides were reviewed. Patients received pembrolizumab (6 cases), nivolumab (1), ipilimumab followed by pembrolizumab (1), or pembrolizumab followed by nivolumab (1); the latter experienced pneumonitis with both agents. Treatment duration ranged from 1 to 33 cycles (median: 8). Three patients received concurrent chemotherapy and 1 received radiation; the remainder received ICI monotherapy. Symptoms were nonspecific; 2 patients were asymptomatic. Thoracic imaging showed bilateral ground glass or nodular opacities in all cases, often with pleural effusion. Histologically, organizing pneumonia was seen in 7 patients, all with subclinical or mild disease, admixed with vague non-necrotizing airspace granulomas in 3 cases; all 6 patients with follow-up did well. One patient had acute fibrinous pneumonitis and 1 had diffuse alveolar damage; both died. All 9 cases showed foamy macrophages and pneumocyte vacuolization; 6 had rare eosinophils. ICI-related pneumonitis presents as bilateral ground-glass opacities or nodules, and usually manifests as organizing pneumonia histopathologically, often with vague non-necrotizing airspace granulomas. Foamy macrophages and pneumocyte vacuolization are characteristic and rare eosinophils are often seen. Less commonly, acute fibrinous pneumonitis or diffuse alveolar damage can occur, which may be fatal.
Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have revolutionized oncology, but are associated with immune-related adverse events. Clinically, pneumonitis is a well-recognized complication, but its histopathologic features are poorly understood. Institutional archives were searched for patients having ICI therapy and subsequent lung tissue sampling. After excluding infectious cases, 9 patients (5 women, median: 59 y) were identified with clinically ...

Immunologie

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Methotrexate (MTX) carries a risk of lymphoproliferative disorders (LPDs), but MTX-associated LPDs (MTX-LPDs) can resolve spontaneously after MTX withdrawal. However, the precise clinicopathologic features of MTX-LPD remain unclear. We aimed to investigate the clinicopathologic characteristics, outcomes, and prognostic factors for histologic types of MTX-LPD. Paraffin-embedded tissue samples of 219 patients with MTX-LPD were analyzed. In total, 30,33,106, and 26 had reactive lymphoid hyperplasia (RH), polymorphic-LPD (Poly-LPD), diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCLs), and classic Hodgkin lymphoma (CHL), respectively. The clinicopathologic features of RH, Poly-LPD, DLBCLs, and CHL were as follows: extranodal involvement: 13.8% (4/29), 36.4% (12/33), 69.5% (73/105), and 15.4% (4/26); Epstein-Barr virus encoded RNA positivity: 55.2% (16/29), 71.9% (23/32), 45.3% (48/106), and 76.9% (20/26); necrosis: 0% (0/29), 51.5% (17/33), 34.3% (36/105), and 12.0% (3/25); and Hodgkin Reed-Sternberg-like cells: 17.2% (5/29), 50% (14/28), and 19.8% (21/106). The median duration from MTX withdrawal to the time of disease regression was 10.4, 3.0, 4.2, and 2.7 months for RH, Poly-LPD, DLBCLs, and CHL. After MTX withdrawal, progression-free survival was the greatest for RH, followed by for Poly-LPD, DLBCL, and CHL (all P<0.05). Overall survival did not differ significantly between the groups. On univariate analysis, the predictive factors for progression-free survival included plasma cell infiltrate for CHL, eosinophil infiltrate, age above 70 years, and extensive necrosis for Poly-LPD, while they were Epstein-Barr virus encoded RNA positivity and International Prognostic Index risk for DLBCL on multivariate analysis. In conclusion, histologic categorization and histology-specific factors could be useful for predicting MTX-LPD progression after MTX withdrawal.
Methotrexate (MTX) carries a risk of lymphoproliferative disorders (LPDs), but MTX-associated LPDs (MTX-LPDs) can resolve spontaneously after MTX withdrawal. However, the precise clinicopathologic features of MTX-LPD remain unclear. We aimed to investigate the clinicopathologic characteristics, outcomes, and prognostic factors for histologic types of MTX-LPD. Paraffin-embedded tissue samples of 219 patients with MTX-LPD were analyzed. In total, ...

Immunologie ; Arthrite

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- xii,423 p.
Cote : WD300 O37a 2017

Allergie ; Immunologie

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- iv, 494 p.
Cote : WD300 M294 2012

Allergie ; Immunologie

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- xiii, 469 p.
Cote : QW504 C492 2012

Immunologie ; Diagnostics immunologiques

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- xix, 868 p.
Cote : QW504 J33 2012

Immunologie

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Cote : WE 140 R472 2011

Bibliographie - Index Traduction de: Rheumatology and clinical immunology.

Rhumatologie ; Immunologie ; Appareil locomoteur - Maladies - Traitement ; Appareil locomoteur - Examen

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- xiii, 546 p.
Cote : QW504 R741 2011

Immunologie ; Diagnostics immunologiques

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Cote : QW 504 A116b 2010

Bibliographie - Index

Immunologie

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- x, 188 p.
Cote : QW504 L649i 2007

Immunologie

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- xv, 406 p.
Cote : WD300 A881 2006

Allergie ; Immunologie

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